Calendrier 126

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titreCalendrier 126
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Should such initiatives fall under the scope of a joint EU-Africa Strategy? If so, how can they best be supported?

9. ecdpm - March 8, 2007

German and African civil society organisations are through their manifesto “Prospects for Africa - Europe’s Policies” calling for poverty-oriented development policy. The manifesto was written specifically to influence the German Federal Government, in their role as EU Presidency, but is also of relevance in the drafting of a joint EU-Africa strategy.

On the issue of trade and regional integration the manifesto calls for “Trade justice: Giving precedence to development in regional trade agreements”

This specifically entails (see page 5 of the manifesto):
1. Integrating safeguard mechanisms into the EPAs and other trade agreements
In order to respond to the development needs of developing countries, especially the ACP countries, to protect small farmers, local markets and infant industries as well as to create jobs and promote rural development, the EPAs and other trade agreements ought to provide integrated safeguard mechanisms. The governments of these countries should be provided with the necessary policy space to pursue their own development strategies.
2. Granting the developing countries preferential treatment
The EU should table a proposal at the WTO for reviewing the provisions on free trade agreements (Art. XXIV of GATT 1994) so as to allow non-reciprocal and asymmetrical relations within agreements with developing countries.
3. Omitting the Singapore issues
The EU should refrain from the inclusion of agreements in the areas of investment, competition policy, government procurement, liberalisation of trade in services and trade-related aspects of intellectual property as these would undermine local markets and increase monopolistic market power of multinational corporations.
4. Extending the timeframe for the EPA negotiations
- that comprehensive consultations with the civil society organisations and groups that may be adversely affected can take place,
- so that a serious analysis of the results of the review process and its incorporation in the negotiating process is guaranteed.
5. Responding positively to the needs of the ACP countries:
- by giving them enough time (at least 20 years) to deepen their regional integration and adjust their national concepts for political action and legislation to the EPA requirements, by providing additional resources to mitigate the costs of adjustment (“Adjustment Facility”),
- by eliminating all EU export subsidies on agricultural products as an integral part of EPAs,
- by monitoring EPA implementation with a view to achieving the objectives defined at national level.

Read the full manifesto - pdf

10. John Sevume - March 20, 2007

Much as African Union has changed it’s name from former OAU to AU, no difference will be realised. The European Union today started with Benelux countries and later Germany France, etc. joined.These countrie have fulfilled certain conditions before joining European Monetary Union and later Monetary currency. Why is that Africa is not adopting such a mechanism like that of our fellow collegues of Europe ? Some criterials should be followed before a country applies for a memebrship ie. democracy , economical stability, low inflation rate and positive balance of payments. This also applies to regional integration like the East African Community (EAC).If it was possible to dissolve the entire African Union and resharpe it, i will be the first to vote for it.

11. ROSELYNN MUSA - March 23, 2007

I would like to add my voice to those that have congratulated the AU/ EU on this initiative. We are all very excited to see it set in motion. This historic partnership could not have come at a better time than now that our beloved continent is discussing (and hopefully) working towards continental integration. I am sure we can learn a lesson or two from the experience of the EU. We do not have to do it the same way by adopting every aspect hook, line and sinker, but we have the examining their experience to ascertain what will work for us, where, when and how.

If the AU and the EU in this partnership have the same interest at heart, which in this case is developing Africa, which I am convinced they do, I believe one of the critical issues to tackles as a matter of urgency is the issue of brain drain from Africa to Europe. The fact that European countries have become so magnetic to especially the youth of African, which, of course, constitute the larger percentage of its productive population should be considered. It is evident that no country can attain development without this critical mass. In his thought- provoking presentation at the African Civil Society Consultation in Addis Ababa, March 2007 Dr. Tajudeen Abdulraheem said and I quote “Even though Rome was not built in a day, the Romans were there to build it” No one will build Africa for us, we have to stay and build it ourselves.

12. ecdpm - April 3, 2007

European Chambers of Commerce and Industry, EUROCHAMBERS, have submitted a contribution to the public consultation focusing on the following questions:

- What role can non-state actors play in the promotion of governance?
- EU support to African export capacility building
- What best can AU and EU authorities do to promote sustainable investment in Africa
- How best can African and EU trade policies be organised and coordinated so as to effectively promote sustainable development and contribute to poverty eradication?

Particular focus is on the involvement of non-state actors and particularly the private sector in policy making and development practice. The contribution calls for increased cooperation between NGOs and the private sector in shaping policy as well as increased exchange between European and African SMEs. Other issues raised include the importance of local ownership for greater effectiveness.

Download the contribution in full - pdf

13. ecdpm - April 4, 2007

Henryka Manes has submitted a comment on the Key Development page which is of relevance to the debate on regional integration. He states:

An overall African policy is not very effective because each African country is different; it can only be a general outline or a vision that will rally stakeholders and stimulate development. It will be relevant once there are quite a few countries with powerful success stories so as to organize them into regional markets to create an economic force and a powerful negotiator. A ripple effect approach could work: starting with countries that have been able to establish some political stability and can be considered as emerging democracies and have some economic development under way.

Read the comment in full.

14. Mariana Abrantes de Sousa - April 5, 2007

Regarding trade, it would important to examine the impact of Chinese exports on Africa. It appears that the inflow of cheap manufactured goods could represent barriers to growth of the local African industrial sector, in a more complex and critical manner than the trade Africa-Europe. The trade relations are more triangular than bilateral, so any trade agreements Europe-Africa could rendered ineffective depending on trends in trade with the rest of the world.

15. Greg Ngethe, NCRWCC, Nairobi KENYA - April 9, 2007

Early this year, we saw the giant British Supermarkets TESCO annunce plans to begin placing carbon label on each of its products.

To begin with, TESCO has vowed to place an airplane label on every product that has been flown in.

This is on the mistaken assumption that products that have been flown in have contributed to the highest level of carbon emissions.

This proposal also ignores that there is a great difference between carbon foot prints and air miles.

This situation is very disturbing and NCRWCC has written an article on it:

Sub-saharan Africa exports much of its fresh fruits, vegetables and flowers to the European Union, which contribute to only 0.1% of the total carbon emissions experienced in those countries.

This issue is so sensitive that even the Kyoto Protocol deliberately omitted cutting down on air miles for fresh produce on account of the very large African populations supported by this industry.

The European Union needs to work closer with local Governments and Organisations such as NCRWCC and the Kenya Flower Council, before adopting positions that may spell doom to the livelihoods of numerous people in Sub Saharan Africa.

16. Kehinde Adeloye,Augsburg-Germany - June 24, 2007

We have to first of fight against corruption in Africa in order to make a successful trading business by introducing a proper discipline in Africa
Peace & security
Comments received between 1 February and 26 June, 2007
1. Victor Onoviran (Nigeria) - February 9, 2007

Africa needs its own version of NATO. I believe that would have saved us from the various crises we’ve suffered from over the years. It certainly would have provided a ready anchor for UN interventions in Rwanda, Congo, Sierra Leone, Liberia, etc. in the past; and Darfur and Somalia right now.

We need to also fast-track the “United States/Lands/Tribes of Africa as proposed at the recent AU Summit. This will instantly reduce the areas and levels of conflict in our continent. Let’s pursue President Thabo Mbeki’s strident call for The AFRICAN Renaissance. It is long overdue.

Nigeria, Benin and Togo have just signed a regional integration partnership Thursday, 9 February 2007 on this subject. It will be an unmistakable fillip to the ECOWAS Project, I believe. Others should follow, for good neighbourliness, peaceful coexistence and shared prosperity.

The AU has to humbly learn from Europe in this business.

2. James Nyawo (Zimbabwe) - February 21, 2007

I am not sure if talking about a NATO version of Africa is realistic given the current incapacity of the AU to even mobilise forces for Somalia. The same with Darfur. In addition to the AU’s inability to physically mobilise forces to protect the citizens of its member state, I am not convienced that AU has a clear vision of what it intends to achieve. The AU’s history is full of inconsistant policies and lack of political will to denounce some leaders.

In my view, African Union needs new vision compartable with the new challenges on this world and shake off the old boys asssociation mentality. They need to denounce in open human rights violations, rigging of elections etc…

3. Luis Manuel Brás Bernardino (Portugal) - February 26, 2007

The phenomenons of conflict have radically changed around the world. The change concerns the transformation from interstate conflicts to conflicts predominantly intra-state, that leads to the appearance of some actors which overpower the State, dominating the attention of the international community. The theme of these conflicts acquired a new relevance, connecting security with sustainable development, because without security it’s not possible to have development and without development there is no security.
On the African Continent, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, this geostrategic dynamic led to a growth in intra-state conflicts, contributing to greater intervention by International Organizations and “non-African” States. This necessarily co-operation aims must contribute to a consolidation of the “African Ownership”, in order to operationalize the Architecture of Security and African Defence, that guarantees Africans the capacity to intervene in the resolution of “its” conflicts, and is the best contribution for stability and development for the continent.
One of these global actors is the European Union, which intends to lead international cooperation through the reinforcement of its intervention in the African Continent, with the aim of reinforcing African States capacities, namely through co-operation with African Regional Organizations, this is strategically vital for the best development of Africa. This also provides EU the means to retain its status as a credible and privileged member in the liaison between continents, organizations and countries which have power to influence, cooperate and intervene in the prevention and resolution of regional conflicts and to support sustainable development in Africa.

4. ecdpm - February 28, 2007

On the French page, Yahya (7/2) raises concerns about the role of European arms producers, merchants and politicians in Africa’s challenges with respect to peace and security.
Read the full comment in French

Amandine (13/2) highlights impediments to the effectiveness of the AU in the field of peace and security. While remaining the partner of choice for actors outside Africa, the AU should redefine its relations with African RECs. The latter often provide a more suitable level on which to address problems, given the importance of knowledge of cultural sensitivities. In this context, Amandine stresses certain prevailing clichés about Africa as problematic, particularly the idea of the African continent as one and indivisible.
Read the full comment in French

Serge Kamuhinda (19/2) thinks that the AU and the EU should establish immutable common values, starting with the public condemnation of the genocides in Darfur and Rwanda.
Read the full comment in French

5. ecdpm - March 8, 2007

German and African civil society organisations are through their manifesto “Prospects for Africa - Europe’s Policies” calling for poverty-oriented development policy. The manifesto was written specifically to influence the German Federal Government, in their role as EU Presidency, but is also of relevance in the drafting of a joint EU-Africa strategy.

On the topic of Peace and Security the manifesto focuses on “Human security: Focusing on preventing violent conflicts and on peace-building”.

This specifically entails (see page 7 of manifesto):
1. Focusing on prevention and peace-building
The EU has to prioritise the prevention of violent conflict in its policies, action and instruments and implement it in practice. This must also include recognising how European policies and action contribute to the escalation of conflict in Africa. In addition, we demand that the EU develops non-military, political mechanisms to prevent the escalation of crises.
2. Supporting an effective control of trade in small arms and light weapons
The EU has to pressure arms producers in the EU Member States to comply with the code of conduct passed by the EU. We also call on the EU to start implementing the global “Arms Trade Treaty”.
3. Making use of the extraction of natural resources for development
Concrete steps are required on the part of the EU to pass more binding regulations, for example by applying the “OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises” to companies based in EU Member States. This has to coincide with the Kimberley Process to combat illegal trade in diamonds and the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI). In addition to EITI, we recommend that companies based in the EU are obliged to publish what they pay to governments in developing countries.
4. Involving African civil society in peace-building
The participation of civil society actors in peace agreements and their implementation has to be ensured. Furthermore, the EU should refrain from policies and practices that would compromise the integrity and independence of civil society. The EU has to develop civilian mechanisms to protect civil society from persecution by conflict parties, as governments are unable to do this or may even be conflict parties themselves in several intra-state conflicts in Africa.
5. Ensuring the integrity of development cooperation
The EU should no longer fund the African Peace Facility (APF) out of the European Development Fund (EDF). The EU must mobilise additional resources for this purpose. The EU needs dedicated financing instruments to support its poverty eradication activities. Other policy areas must be provided with sufficient budgets to be able to implement prevention strategies.

Read the full manifesto - pdf

6. Francis Bainomugisha - March 10, 2007

The Underlying question remains “Whose Security”. It’s important to note that in most African states regime security seems to dominate either directly on indirectly. It is in this complexity that most “security specialists” have gone wrong, they tend to use standard measures to evaluate sub-standard situations, the result is expecting too much from practically nothing.

It is paramount that a holistic approach be embarked on when analysing “Africa’s insecurity dilema”.This of course calls for direct involvement of the Key stakeholders and here I refer to the ordinary citizens because ever since the end of the Cold war the global security measures focus major on “Human Security”.

Therefore its not until African governments have changed their focus from the traditional approach to favour human security which by way of information is best done through promotion of civil-military relations (a rather neglected area in most African states) that Security and subsequent development will be achieved.

7. Francis Bainomugisha - March 10, 2007

Its imperative therefore that the subsquent dialogue between Africa and the European Union be done free of fear and favour so as to focus more and more on the ordinary citizens to whom the governments are accountable.

8. James Nyawo - March 12, 2007

The majority of African governments feel insecure from their own people, that they invest huge amounts of money on security while their citizens are staving to death or cannot access free primary health care. This makes the concept of security a little bit fluid and requires to be treated with care.

It is of paramount importance that the dialogue between AU-EU should have clear terms of reference to this regard. Otherwise we will end up with a partnership which does not benefit anyone except dictators as it used to happen during the cold war, where the likes of Mobuto (Zaire) and Banda (Malawi) received huge amounts of support to their security apparatus against communism. During this period communism was the number one enemy and whenever someone from these counrties was against the government policy he/she was branded a communist and that was enough to silence them using any means necessary.

In Modern day history following terror attacks on Sept 11 it seems branding someone or any organisation a terrorist group gives some governments even in Africa to silence the opposing voices.

It is therefore of paramount importance that any attempts to promote peace and security in Africa should be done within a wider framework of promoting accountable government and good governance build on the principles of the declaration of human rights and International Humanitarian Law otherwise it can be counter productive.

9. Lydia Ettema (Belgium) - March 16, 2007

Comprehensive Reproductive Healthcare for populations in crises

Access to reproductive health (RH) services is a basic human right. Everyone requires reproductive health care, including populations in crises. The ICPD/Programme of Action (1994) addressed the RH needs of displaced persons.

Reproductive ill-health comprises one-third of the total global burden of disease for women and one-fifth for women and men combined. These figures, together with the HIV/AIDS crisis and the 10 million women a year who die or are injured due to complications in pregnancy or delivery, help to illustrate the importance of sexual reproductive health services.

During conflict the need for RH care continues to exist and may even increase. Displacement may bring hardship and trauma that could intensify the need to avoid pregnancy or may increase the wish to become pregnant, for various reasons. It may also bring an increased risk of gender-based violence, as witnessed in Darfur and other conflict settings.

And yet it is because they are displaced that millions of IDP and refugees are separated from RH services. Integrated and fully comprehensive RH services are not the norm in most crisis and conflict settings. The consequences include; displaced and host populations left vulnerable to HIV/AIDS and other STI and without safe means of preventing pregnancy; pregnant women in disasters frequently left without access to pre- and post-natal care and particularly to emergency obstetric care or to any assistance in delivery; victims of gender-based violence lacking access to appropriate health-care, counselling or emergency contraception

The health risks are serious, often life threatening, but preventable. Displacement need not be an obstacle to quality RH care as demonstrated by MSI’s own experience of providing health services in humanitarian settings. Comprehensive reproductive health services can and should be routinely provided, from beginning to end, to those in emergency situations.

A ‘comprehensive’ approach to SRHR consists of the following essential services:

· Emergency obstetric care: basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care, including post-abortion care,
· Family planning: all methods, including long-term and permanent, and emergency contraception,
· Sexually transmitted infections: prevention and treatment,
· HIV/AIDS: prevention, voluntary counselling and testing, prevention of mother-to-child transmission and referral,
· Gender-based violence: medical response and referral.

The EU-Africa Strategy can:
· Lead the policy environment by identifying the need to address reproductive health needs in humanitarian crises.
· Change the funding environment by allocating new resources for reproductive health programmes in humanitarian settings.

Input to the ‘Peace and Security cluster’ and ‘Development and assistance cluster’: ‘Investing in people’.

10. Greg Ngethe - March 26, 2007

In my very humble view, the EU can contribute to reducing conflict in Africa by seeking to empower domestic organisations that work in this area.

Kenya has not had much internal conflict but every now and then, we experience the so called “tribal clashes”, particulary as we approach an election year.

The EU would do well to support organisations such as the National Centre for Research on Crime (ncrwcc) or the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) which have developed home grown solutions for conflict prevention in Africa.

11. onono patrick - April 5, 2007

The partnersip for strengthening aframework for multiparty democracy in Africa whereby the key priority is to support government in its endeavour to strengthen the electoral system and system for effective multiparty democracy.Promoting peace and stability with strong commitment to conflict resolution using “development as incentive for peace.”

12. Seyi - April 7, 2007

Dear Friends,
I believe that Africans donot just want peace on paper, but sustainable and genuine peace. I would like to say that tackling this problem of conflicts in different areas in Africa the root cause of the conflict be addressed. That is the underlying differences be addressed. That is where I believe the real role of iof women come in. It has been said out loud and written numerous times in paper the need for the participation of women in peace making. I would like to enumerate in what ways women can participate.
In times of conflict African women regardless of their ethnicities are victims of sexual violence and exploitation. Take the Rwandan Genocide for example, there was widespread rape of women regardless of their ethnicity, also in Darfur, Liberia, the DRC. Women of different ethnicities have that in common, many have experienced the same sexual violence. Fortunately, women are the pillars of their community and they have underlying influence, even though the may not be visible leaders or heads of their societies, they have huge influence and ‘THEY LEAD THEIR COMMUNITIES FROM BEHIND’. Therefore, given this, NGOs women can train a specific handful of women in such communities within the countries and regions in the post conflict era, these women can in turn serve as trainers of other local women- to create a network of trained women. These can because of their common past/circumstances can use their influence to then initiate peaceful dialogue between the different ethnicities/communities. This will allow the people and leaders to talk out their problems, to find the root causes of them and begin their process of healing.

13. Francis Bainomugisha - April 8, 2007

While one would appreciate the insurmountable efforts to end conflicts in Africa,one cannot but recognize the presence if not rebirth of internal conflicts in most of the African states. This means that a lot of the efforts thereof have been directed to wrong causes of the conflicts. The major underlying issue behind these conflicts is economic Incentive basically because political power is a sure means to economic power.Therefore in my view the state is sometimes not contested because its extremely doing poorly but rather its pined down with a view of advancing the hidden motives of economic advancement. After this background I feel the best way conflict can be reduced is by strengthening the private sector. The European Union needs to work closely with the Several non governmental Initiatives (those not puppets of the several regimes in power) to boost the private sector because if it is economically independent it wont tolerate undemocratic regimes as it would not desire to depend on them for survival through a kind of Patronage Politics.This will help reduce conflicts and better still allow for involvement of all the relevant Key stakeholders-Government,Private Sector and the Civilian Authorities.

14. Greg Ngethe, NCRWCC, Nairobi KENYA - April 9, 2007

At the present moment, Kenya is undergoing internal conflict in the Mt. Elgon region, where a couple of tribes are fighting each other for land.

This has become a familiar occurrence in Kenya prior to General Elections. It is very sad that this is happening in the year 2007.

Listening to Internal Security Minister John Michuki field questions from a journalist from Kameme FM, a local radio channel, it was disheartening to hear the Minister saying that he was not under any obligation to visit the clash torn areas.

Respect Catholic Archbishop had the previous day said that Mr. Michuki should either visit the war torn areas, or be fired.

Michuki retorted that he cannot be given directions as to how he should carry out his task. He also said there were 605 police officers on the ground.

Clearly, African Governments Kenya included, are in great need of a change in mindset in the way that certain challenges like tribal clashes are concerned.

The European Union, working with local organisations like NCRWCC, can certainly work with the Government in order to get rid of this ‘big man’ attitude.

Greg Ngethe

15. Ibraheem Ceesay - June 22, 2007

Dear Friends,

Africa for Africa thats the only solution

I must say that Peace id not only the absence of war and peace cannot be attained nor sustained without justice. African peace and security lies in the hands of Africans especially our leaders.

I am afraid that if the future generation inherit what we have inherit from the past generation then they shall never be lasting peace and justice in Africa.

It could be recalled that the United Nation General Assembly adopted Resolution 52/15 on November 1997, thereby proclaiming the year 2000 the International Year for the Culture of Peace’. In November 1998, the General Assembly also proclaimed the decade 2001 -2010 the ‘International Decade for the promotion of a culture of peace and non violence for the children of the World’ (Resolution 53/25)

The International year for the culture of peace constitute a unique opportunity to mobilise public opinion in favour of the culture of peace, at the national and international levels, and to highlight the central role of the United Nations System and the African Union in this regard.

Taking into consideration the fact that in the conflagrations, which have afflicted mankind it is the defenceless children and women who suffer most and who have had the greatest number of victims. Convinced that African people wish to have an assured future and that peace, freedom and justice are among the chief guarantees that their desire for happiness will be fulfilled.

Therefore, peace education does not simply means learning about conflicts and how to resolve them peacefully it should also involve learning methods which are participatory and encourage African people to express their own ideals and co-operate with each other to achieve common goals.
About the EU-Africa consultation
Comments received between 1 February and 26 June, 2007
1. Victor Onoviran (Nigeria) - February 1, 2007

Congratulations on a long overdue innovation! Considering the historical links between Europe and Africa it is appropriate that we develop and maintain 21st century bonds across the board. Both Lome Convention and Cotonou Agreement were designed for this purpose, but alas they have failed!

EU’s commitment to NEPAD has been tepid at best, even tentative. We can understand that, especially with the lack of genuine self-pride and owner-commitment of the continent. The huge resources laid on arms and ammunition, for example, should have been part of our deposit or counterpart funding for NEPAD! A major sticking point is the whole idea of government officials deciding EVERYTHING for the peoples of both regions.

In this consultation process, we must genuinely depart from the past and move to a robust future TOGETHER. To achieve this, I humbly recommend the following as my preliminary input:

* Configure a multidisciplinary/multisectoral crack team to do a structured preparatory review, and produce a “BOLD 21st Century Proposal”…in the light of all we now know, and envisage.

* By all means use the “wiki” approach for wider debate, inputs and consultation, but the creative and projectised imperatives won’t come that way - considering the digital divide and internet penetration in Africa.

* IT is interesting that this process has not been given due publicity and promotion on our continent, and I wonder how much is known about it in Europe as well - considering the general apathy for EU affairs. With the time constraint, it seems mainly the “converted” can be successfully targeted. Another mistake?

* Which players are an equal part of this exercise in Africa? And how are they coping right now? Who are the African players in ECDPM coordination team? Another EU-dominated/imposed process?

*Since the new relations/partnership will necessarily involve the Cotonou Agreement and its resource implication, what level of field surveys/research must be committed to this process - especially on the African continent? Or are we taking the usual “official” government reports - warts and all - as golden again?

* I have my reservations on the “Critical Areas of Concern” listed as issue papers.The five themes are rather skewed away from the known agitations of Africa and Africans over the years. They seem to follow the failed IMF/World Bank outlook/approach of the past! If non-state actors must buy into the new endeavour, we need to revisit the list. I’m afraid that the African officials who agreed or promoted such prioritisation will be hard put to defend/sustain it at any African Stakeholders Congress!

* A special role needs to be constructed for the African Press/Media in this business. It will enhance its chances of success.

* What is the place of all previous initiatives and compacts in this new strategy?

* Are the AU’s known strengths and weaknesses (SWOT Analysis) properly factored into this process?

* Finally (for now!), will both the EU and AU be bold and humble enough to bite the bullet…for CHANGE? For example, now listen to the citizens of Europe and Africa, rather than politicians and civil servants? Or is it business as usual?

* ECDPM should root for TRANSFORMATION not mere consultation on stilted stereotype. If you need more time, so be it!

Submitted by Victor Onoviran (Nigeria)
see also

2. Joel Baganguidila (Congo-Brazzaville) - February 8, 2007

(Joel from Congo-Brazzaville now in UK)

Hello there,

Thank you for give me a opportunity to submit a point of view regarding Europe-Africa ties.

The past forty years EU-Africa ties produced nothing execpt coup d’etas and dictatorship egomes in Africa,to change this:
EU-AU should lay down a new foundation based on equality and respect not on domination.

EU-AU ties should be transparent to the people of both continents with no hiden agendas.
African civil societies should be supported financially to its best level to stand for the people.

Europe and Africa need to work hard to get again the trust of African people because what caracterise the former ralation were hypocricy and selfhiness.

Avoid approching Africans via EU state member.

I really want to see EU-AU ties be focus on trade and development; not Aid. Promoting business in Africa.

For Example what China is doing is unquestionable,Africa needs trade not Aid. China is integrating Africa in the world of business,trade,development etc… (this why china is getting the market.)

I really want to participate in those coming debates.

3. Amr El Hamamy - February 10, 2007

When and where will the next Africa-Europe summit be held?
Please advise

4. Muhwana Wilberforce (Uganda) - February 13, 2007

Who makes the first short in draftign the shared vision - EU is already very cohensive than AU. Maybe EU provides the overall framework, AU just fits. Preparations and consultations within the AU stakeholders prior to conclusion of the EU - AU strategy is likely to be restrictive. Participation amongst AU is by design restricted to top politicians and technocrats, who by and large know what went wrong but also very shy to say why it went wrong and therefore sustain a white elephant kind of strategy. AU members states have high commitments to human rights and poverty eradication, but are lacking in enforcing and/or implementation for reasons best known to themselves.

5. Amr El Hamamy - February 14, 2007

When and where will the next Africa-Europe summit be held?

6. Sara Erlandsson (ecdpm) - February 14, 2007

In respons to Amr El Hamamy:
According to the various official delcarations, the next Africa-Europe Summit should take place towards the end of 2007. A more precise date should be set in the coming months. It will be held in Lisbon.

7. Keith Drummond (Ireland) - February 16, 2007

Hello all,

-Maybe the first place to start is who has the final say once the consultation is over? The EU/AU or the Individual countries within each union which have their own respective cultural/historical ties? Afterall, neither the EU nor the AU have any official foriegn departmant that can speak with a single unified voice. This is highlighted by recent events in Sudan and the relative inaction by the EU, but also the way certain EU states treat those AU citizens trying to enter the EU.

-The EU & AU are such large organisations, it would be prudent to find an effective way to interact. Maybe the creation of some sort of “rule book” or forum. Any buisness or NGO or EU Government agency wishing to operate within the AU would be encouraged to go to a certain area were those services would be best suited/needed. Once established market forces can be let lead the way. This may enable a balanced creation of infrastructue and individual wealth. Simply letting EU agencies set up shop in a hotel and hire a AU countries nurses & doctors then go home is questionable at best.

-Maybe the consultation could take to issue what the average EU citizen thinks when Africa is mentioned? The vast majority of us are used to the the constant appeals in the media and volunters standing in the street and the ambivilance which has resulted from this. Also keep in mind the constant media footage of war, famine and questionable governments. Maybe this is the most important topic that could be addressed. The average EU & AU citizen. The EU has been shown that if it tries to push ahead with a top down approach, even the best intentions can fail, the constitution being a case in point.

8. Okeke, Adolphus Nigeria. - February 23, 2007

The disability issues is still a matter of charity in Africa in general and Nigeria in particular and should be made a major requirement for any cooperation.

9. ecdpm - February 28, 2007

On the French page, Aguni Bouchaib (7/2) mentions that the creation of a direct link between Africa and Europe would help to address many problems, including illegal migration. Nevertheless, a condition would be that Europe takes into account the diverse problems facing Africa, as well as systematising its approach to African development.
Read the full comment in French
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